1. Information about Bhuj

With the help of citizens, local organizations and institutions, we are trying to build here an information ressource center for the city of Bhuj compiling useful information about the history, culture, environment, social and economical situation.. etc.

Anybody is welcome to contribute in their area of knowledge and interest!

Please contact us if you whish to share some information.

Topics: 

History

Earthquake

Heritage Buildings of Bhuj

Despite suffering several earthquakes, Bhuj city still has a rich collection of heritage buildings ..
Some of them require maintenance and restauration but one can visit interesting buildings such as Pragmahal, Ainamahal or Kutch Museum. 

Discover the heritage buildings of Bhuj on this map : 

Temples and Mosques of Bhuj

Ashapura Temple

Bhuj was founded in the beginning of the XVII th century, the Ashapura temple was one of the first one to be built.

Originaly, the temple had only one statue of lord Ashapura. In 1780, there was a war against Raydhanji and to protect the orginal statue, the priest hid it underground and replaced it with a copy.

The origninal statue found its space back in the temple only when the city was retaken by the famous " Twelve brothers" at the end of the XVIIIth century. Both the statues have been kept, see below : 

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The queen of Kutch used to come to the Ashapura temple for prayor but the people were not allowed to see her. That is why the compound wall is so high.

A big bell, hanged at the main temple's entrance was rang for each visit of the maharaja.
Presently, the bell is rang everyday at 5 am and 9pm.

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Old Swaminarayan Temple

The place where Lord Swaminarayana founded the temple is known as the “Prasadi”. In this temple Lord Swaminarayana himself placed the very first statue of Lord Narnarayan Dev. This statue can admire today inside the main building.

The temple was built in  May of 1823 in Palesvara Chowk in Bhuj .Two different structure were built on each side of the road, one for women and one for men for salute the system of religious independance. This distinction still remains today.

There are 175 saints represented in the temple. During the 2001 earthquake the old temple was damaged, therefor a new temple was build outside of Mahadev gate. The new temple was opened on the 18-5-2010 but the old temple was also restored, celebrations  and worshiping could then go on.

One can now admire some fine sculptures on the wooden pillars inside the compound.

 

Sankarvala pir ni Dargah

Throne tradition is based in Sankarvali Dargah is yet to be continued in family of Pir Abdullasha, said by Kulsum Bibi. All inheritors of this throne are buried here. One story is connected with the name of this Dargah. Before long time back first king of Kachchh was having no child so that he bagged in front of divine person for a child. Divine person Piran pir of Muslim community blessed him and told that some Pir will come in Bhuj and he will bless you a child. And same thing happened. As the King of Kachchh got a boy child he forced Pir Abdullasha to stay in Bhuj forever. When Pir Abdullasha told that he wants respect and peace, the King gave him a marked area covered with Sankar means Chain. So that this dargah is known as Sankarvali Dargah. In present situation 10th generation of Pir Abdullasha is ruling as tradition of throne and one of them and husband of Kulsumbibi is recently buried here.

Sources - Contributors: 

Bhuj walled city : 5 gates and 1 window...

01 Waniyavad Gate

Fifth Gate of Bhuj 'Waniyavad Gate' was situated were now a days wholesale market is running. Still we can see some of rest parts of old gate inside of vegetable market. From the vegetable market there is a way to reach at Waniyavad gate which is opening in wholesale market. Out side of this gate there are temples and Upashrayas of Jain community is situated, that's why this gate was named as a get of Jain or a 'Waniyavad Gate'. Jain community were living here for a long time. As we got information that before 70 to 75 years back for expansion of city area, waniyavad gate was removed.  Where lots of vegetable sellers were seating in the market, now a days very less sellers are seating there. For security purpose there was a long trench from bus station to waniyavad gate which was also a stream of rain water. But in present time that trench is filled and the road is now full of traffic. New gate is constructed in place of old one, but one of its corner a part of old wall is lying as an evidence.

Sources - Contributors: 

12.1 Darbaar Gate

33. Mahadev gate

Sources - Contributors: 

Chatardi

Chatardi is one of the most beautiful heritage site in Bhuj. A peaceful space at the edge of Hamirsar lake where the kings of Kutch and their family rest in peace.

Chatardi means “Umbrella” in Gujarati, in reference to the masonry domes built on top of the main graves.

From the 16th century, a total of 18 kings ruled Kutch and 16 of them are buried in Chatardi. The first tumb that was built on the site of Chatardi belongs to  Maharao Khengarji, the firs king of Kutch . The body of Maharao Madansinhji, the last king was cremated on the site  but was not buried here. Since then, Kutch became part of the Indian republic and his decendant  (Maharao Himmatasinhji) stoped to be buried in Chatardi.

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Old photograph of Lakpatji's tomb (before 2001) shared by Dayaram Jansari Lakpatji's tomb during restoration 2013 shared by Dayaram Jansari

The main (biggest) tomb was built for Maharao Lakpatji the 10th king of Kutch. His queen as well as 16 women who were his servants sacrificed themselves after his death and are also buried next to him. This tradition called “Sati” was banished by the British rulers. 
Tombstones were erected in their memory in the middle of the central room as well as women sculptures on the pillars of the building.

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People from the Pakhali cast, the court of the king, were also cremated on the site and were getting smaller tombs, as you can see on the photo below.

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Three important earthquakes occurred relatively recently in Kutch in 1819, 1856 and 2001 each contributing in the destruction of some of the edifices. In 1956 the tomb of Maharao Kingarji was destroyed and most of the eldest tombs collapsed in 2001.

The Archeological Department is currently trying to retrofit the constructions, starting with the main tomb of Lakpatji. Their first task is to collect all the stones and try to identify to which building they belong since they have been mixed and some of them lost.

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Architectural specificities

Some of the domes are still covered with multicolor hand painted tiles. All the constructions are made out of local sandstones.

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One of the well preserved tomb made of sandstones.

Modern stories

The site has been used as a landscape for famous movie shoots : “Ham Dil De Chuke Sanam” and “Refuge” as well a fashion shoots.

 

Related articles

Cisterns and wells

Ramkund cistern

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ચૈત્ર સુદ નવમી શ્રી રામચંદ્વ પ્રભુજીની જન્મજયંતિ...

આ અવસર ધામધૂમથી ઉજવાય છે. વર્ષોની એ પ્રણાલી ચાલુ છે. સત્યનારાયણ મંદિરની બાજુમાં અત્યારે રામ દરબાર છે. એ રામ દરબાર મંદિર અને તેની જમણી બાજુ એક સાંકડો રસ્તો ભુજના ઐતિહાસિક પ્રાચીન સ્થાપત્યના ઉત્કૃષ્ટ નમુનારૂપ રામકુંડ તરફ જાય છે. આ રામકુંડ ભુજના પ્રાચીન અને કલાત્મક સ્થાપત્ય ઉપરાંત એક પવિત્ર તીર્થ છે.


રામકુંડ એ ભુજના અતિ મહત્વના મહાદેવનાકા બહાર પવિત્ર અને શહેરની શોભા સમા હમીરસર સરોવરના અગ્ની ખૂણાથી દક્ષિણ બાજુ હમીરસર તળાવની આવના કાંઠા પર અને સત્યનારાયણ મંદિરની પછી આવેલું એક વિરાટ કલાત્મક સ્થાપત્ય છે. એ એક પ્રકારનો જળસ્રોત છે અને ૩૦૦ વર્ષથી વધુ પ્રાચીન હોવાના સંદર્ભો સાંપડે છે. આ રામકુંડના ઉપરની ઇશાને પાળી પર શ્રી કંઠેશ્વર મહાદેવનું મંદિર છે. જેની સ્થાપના મહારાવશ્રી પ્રાગમલજીની વારીમાં સાચોરા બ્રાહ્મણ જોષી ગંગાધરન કચરા કચરાણીએ સંવત ૧૯૩૧ માગસર સુદ ૨ ને ગુરુવારે થયાની નોંધ આ મંદિરની પીઠમાં લાગેલી તકતીમાં જોવા મળે છે. શ્રી દીલસુખરાય અંતાણીએ ભુજ દર્શનમાં રામકુંડની સામે આ સંવત દર્શાવેલી છે જે આ મંદિરની સ્થાપના વિશે હોવાનું જણાય છે, રામકુંડ તેથી ઘણો પ્રાચીન છે.

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શ્રી સ્વામીનારાયણ સંપ્રદાયનાં પુરૂષોત્તમ લીલામૃત સુખસાગર નામના સ.ગુ.મહંત શ્રી અચ્યુતદાસજી સ્વામીકૃત ગ્રંથમાં પા.નં. ૭૭૭ ઉપર શ્રી સહજાનંદ સ્વામીએ સંતો અને હરિભકતોની સાથે આ પ્રાચીન પવિત્ર તીર્થમાં સ્નાન કરેલું હતું એવું દર્શાવવામાં આવેલુ. છે. વિ.સં. ૧૮૬૧ ની આ ઘટના આધારભૂત બની રહે છે. સ.ગુ.મહંતશ્રી ધર્મજીવન દાસજી પ્રેરિત ચારધામ યાત્રા નામના ગ્રંથમાં શ્રી સહજાનંદ સ્વામી સંતો અને હરિભકતો સાથે આ પ્રાચીન પવિત્ર તીર્થના સ્નાન કરતાં અને તેનો મહિમા સૌને કહ્યો હતો. એ ઘટના ૨૦૦ થી ૨૫૦ વર્ષ પૂર્વેની હોઇ અને ત્યારે પણ એ પ્રાચીન પવિત્ર કહ્યો હોય તો એને ૩૦૦ વર્ષથી વધુ સમયનો માનવાને પુરતો આધાર ગણાય.

કંઠેશ્વરની તકતીમાં મહારાવશ્રી પ્રાગમલજીનાં સમયની નોંધ છે. મહારાવશ્રી પ્રાગમલજી સુંદર કલાત્મક બાંધકામોનાં શોખીન હતાં અને તેમના સમયમાં કાચા પથ્થરમાંથી ભુકરીયા પાણા કોતરી બનાવેલા જુનાં કૂંડને કલાત્મક રીતે સજાવવા આંધૌના લાલ પથ્થરથી મઢાવી જીર્ણોદ્વાર કરાવી તેમાં સુંદર ભૂમિતીકારક પગથીયાની ગોઠવણી અને વચ્ચેના ભાગમાં ૧૯-૧૯ પ્રતિમાઓ કોતરાવી રામાયણ, મહાભારત વગેરેના પ્રસંગોને લગતી કોતરણી અને તેને હારમાં બન્ને બાજુ ફૂલ, બુટા અને કુંડીઓમાં કલાત્મક છોડની કોતરણીથી સજાની એક નમુનેદાર સ્થાપત્ય નિર્માણ કરાવ્યું જણાય છે.

દક્ષિણ

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પશ્ચિમ

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પૂર્વ

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ઉત્તર

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રામકુંડની ચારે બાજુ દિવાલોમાં દિવાઓ મુકવા માટે સુંદર કલાત્મક ગોખલાઓ ઘડેલા છે. જેમાં તહેવાર પ્રસંગોએ દિવાઓ પ્રગટાવતાં આખો રામકુંડ રોશનીથી ઝળહળી ઉઠે અને શોભી ઉઠે.
 

ટોચના સ્તરના મધ્યમ સ્તર તળિયે સ્તર
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રામકુંડનાં મથાળે ૫૬"¢૫૬" ની સળંગ ત્રણેક ફૂટ પહોળી પ્રદક્ષિણા માટેની પાળ છે અને આમ ઉપરનો ઘેરાવો ૩૧૩૬ ચો.ફૂટ છે. ચારે બાજુથી ઉપરથી નીચે તરફ ઉતરવાના ત્રણ સ્તરમાં પગથીયાઓ રમણાની બન્ને બાજુ ૧૬ થી ૧૭ પગથીયાઓ છે. આમ ત્રણ માળ જેટલી ઉંડાઇ સુધી ઉતરવા માટે ત્રણ તબકકામાં પગથીયાઓ છે. એ રીતે ઉપરની પાળથી છેલ્લાં ખંડમાં કૂવા સુધીની ઉંડાઇ ૩૦ થી ૩૫ ફૂટ જેટલી છે. ત્યાર પછી એ સ્તરે આવેલી વચ્ચે ગોળ કૂવાની ઊંડાઇનો કોઇ અંદાજ નથી.


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રામકુંડની પૂર્વ દિશામાં એક કુવો આવેલ છે. આ કુવા ઉપર ગરગડી માટે સુવિધા જોઈ શકાય છે. જેના દ્વારા લોકો કુવામાંથી પાણી ભરતા હતા. આ કુવામાંથી લોકો કોશ દ્વારા પાણી સીંચતા હતા અને રામેશ્વર વાડીમાં પહોચાડતા હતા. હાલમાં આ કુવાનો ઉપયોગ થતો નથી. કુવો માટીથી બુરાઈ ગયો છે.

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આવા કુંડોના સંશોધનમાં ઊંડા ઉતરેલા કચ્છના પરંતુ વિદેશ વસવાટ કરતાં ડો.ભુડીયા સાથે આ રામકુંડની મુલાકાત લેતાં તેઓએ રામકુંડનો અભ્યાસ નિરીક્ષક કરે તેવો મત વ્યકત કરેલો હતો. તેમણે જણાવ્યું હતું કે, કચ્છમાં ૧૦માં સૈકા પૂર્વેના કાઠીઓના વર્ચસ્વની નોંધ ઇતિહાસકારોએ લીધી છે તે પ્રમાણે કાઠીઓ સૂર્યના ઉપાસક હતાં. પૂર્વાભિમૂખી સૂર્યમંદિરોમાં બનાવતાં. ઊગતા સૂર્યના કિરણો સીધા સૂર્યમંદિરમાં જાય એવી રચના થતી અને આવા સૂર્યમંદિરમાં પૂજા અર્થે જતાં પહેલા સ્નાન કરીને જવાની પ્રથા પણ જાણવામાં આવેલી છે. તે રીતે સૂર્યમંદિરની આગળ પૂર્વ દિશામાં કુંડ રાખવામાં આવતાં એવું મોઢેરાનાં સૂર્યમંદિરમાં જોવા મળે છે. એ રીતે ભુજ ખાતે કાઠીઓના સમયમાં અત્યારના રામકુંડની પ(Åચમે સૂર્યમંદિર હોવાની ધારણા પ્રબળ બને છે. સૂર્યમંદિર સામે આ રામકુંડવાળો કુંડ સ્નાન માટે બનાવવામાં આવ્યો હોય એ કાચા ભુકરીયા પત્થરનાં કુંડને મહારાવ શ્રી પ્રાગમલજીએ સુંદર પત્થરોની ભૌમિતીક રચનામાં અને તેમાં કલાત્મક કોતરણી દ્વારા સજાવીને તૈયાર કર્યો હોવાનું માની શકાય. આમ, આ કુંડની પ્રાચીનતા ઘણી છે.

રામકુંડની રચના ભુજના હમીરસર તળાવની આવના વહેણ પર છે, આ વહેણ હમીરસરને જયાં મળે છે એની પાસે રામકુંડ બનેલો છે, આ રામકુંડની ખાસ જાણવા જેવી હકીકત એ છે કે, હમીરસર તળાવના પાણીની સપાટી મુજબ રામકંુડમાં પાણીની સપાટી રહે છે, એ રીતે ભૂગર્ભમાંથી પાણીની આવ રામકંુડના તળીયાંમાં રહેલા કૂવામાં આવે છે અને રામકંુડ ભરાતો જાય જયારે હમીરસર પુરંુ ભરાઇ જાય અને ઓગની જાય ત્યારે આ રામકંુડ છેક ઉપર સુધીની સપાટી એ પાણી ભરાઇ જાય છે. હમીરસર સરોવર એવું નામ ભુજના લાડીલા તળાવનું છે પણ લોકો હુલામણા નામે હમીસર બોલે છે.

અત્યારે રામકુંડની વાત કરીએ છીએ ત્યારે કરછમાં આવા બીજા કેટલાક કુંડો પણ છે તે પણ જોઇએ સૌથી પહેંલા નારાયણ સરોવર ખાતે બ્રહ્મકુંડ છે માતાના મઢ ખાતે ચાચરા કુંડ છે. હબાય ખાતે રાધેÅવરી માતા નો વાધેÅવરી કુંડ છે. કોટેÅવરખાતે વાધમકુંડ, કોડકીનો ગંગાજીનો કુંડ, ભુદ્રેÅવર પાસે પાંડવકુંડ, ભુજ ખાતે ભુતેÅવર મહાદેવનો કુંડ, પિરાનપીર પરિસરમાં પણ એક કુંડ છે. ચોબારી ખાતે એક કુંડ છે જે ધણું કરી પાંડવકુંડ છે આ કુંડ પણ કલાત્મક સંુદર હતો જે ભુંકપમાં ઘ્વંસ થતા ફરીથી પુન:નિમાર્ણ થયેલો છે પણ તેની જુની અસલીયત કે સુંદરતા જળવાયેલી નથી એવું જોઇ આવનારાઓનું કહેવું છે. આ બધાં કુંડોમાં ભુજનો રામકુંડ સુંદર અને કલાત્મક જોવાલાયક છે હમીરસર તળાવ કાંઠે રાજય નિર્મિત સત્યનારાયણ મંદિર પાછળ અને નૂતન સ્વામીનારાયણના ભવ્ય કલાત્મક મંદિરની નજીક છે એ ઉપરાંત ભારતનું પ્રથમ મ્યુઝિયમ ભુજ મ્યુઝિયમ પણ રામકુંડની બિલકુલ નજીક છે. કરછની સર્વપ્રથમ હાઇસ્કુલ પણ રામકુંડની નજીક આવેલી છે, આ રીતે ભુજની મુલાકાત લેનારાઓએ આ રામકુંડ ખાસ જોવા જેવો છે.

આ રામકુંડ ગુજરાત રાજયમાં પુરાત_વખાતા હસ્તક સ્મારક તરીકે જાળવવામાં આવે છે. ભૂંકપમાં પહોચેલી ક્ષતિ દુરસ્ત કરાવી અત્યારે સાચી સ્થિતિમાં જોવા મળે છે પણ તેનો માર્ગ સાંકડો છે. આ માર્ગ પાસે રામકુંડ વિષયક બોર્ડ મુકવામાં આવેલું છે પણ તે જલદી નજરે ચડે એવી સ્થિતિમાં નથી. રામકુંડની મુલાકાત દરેક પ્રવાસી લે એ માટે અહીં એક આકર્ષક બોર્ડ મુકવાની જરૂરિયાત છે.


વિનુભાઇ ગજ્જર
સલાહકાર
કચ્છ ઇતિહાસ પરિષદ-ભુજ-કચ્છ
સંદર્ભ: ૧. ભુજદર્શન ૨. શ્રી પુરૂષોત્તમ લીલામૃત સુખસાગર ૩.ચારધામ યાત્રા ગ્રંથ ૪. શ્રી ઉમિયાશંકર અજાણીની નોંધ ૫. શ્રી કંઠેશ્વર મહાદેવ મંદિરની તકતી ૬. ભુજના વ્યસક મુરબ્બીઓ પાસેથી મળેલી માહિતી

ફોટા અને મુલાકાત  Mr. Raysinhbhai Rathod સાથે.

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Darbaar Gadh

Darbaar Gadh refers to the area where you can find today the Pragmahal and Ainamahal Palaces and which is surrounded by a fort wall.
The wall was constructed under the Maharao Khengarji the third in the 17th century, that is why the complex is called "Daarbar" which means "Royal".

In 1819, an earthquake the fort-wall was weakened in several locations and the Maharao had to reinforce it by building a second wall which is higher than the first one.
Some part of this wall has now collapsed revealing some sculpture and carving work of the previous sculture like this elephants and horse below :

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The main entrance of the complex is called “Daarbar Gate”, facing it is the Toraniyu Gate, the “chowk” (square) formed in between was used by the royal families to celebrate the festival of “Holi” with the rest of the community. This is why the chowk is now called “ Holi Chaklanu Naku “ : “ The Holi Festival ground”.

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A little ahead toward the south, you will find a big wooden gate in wall of the fort. It is called “Kuni naku” or “ Murda naku” “the assassin gate or “ the Gate of the dead body”, it was only opened to transport the dead bodies of the royal family members towards Chatardi.

Toraniyu Naku (Gate)

The Toraniyu gate is the main entrance to the Darbaar complex where you can find the Pragmahal and the Ainamahal palaces.

Toran in Gujarati means "streamer". It refers to the strings of leaves and flowers that were hanged on the gate for special events and visits.

Interestingly the architecture of the gate mixes arabic, kutchi and dutch styles.For example, on top of the gate, you can observe 2 angels, a rare figure in the architecture of this era. 

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The proportion of the gate is also very interesting. You will observe that it is relatively higher than the other gates in the city. Why?

Because every year, a procession was organized with elephants, horses, etc... and they had to be able to go through the gate!

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A legend says that a king of Kutch, after winning the battle of "Halvad" (a city in Saurastra) brought the doors of this city and fixed them on the Toranyu gate. You can still see them in place.

The cultural, religious and historical significance of this gate is very important since all major events in the city were starting from there.

For example every year, during the Navratri festival, the king was part of a procession from this gate to Matano Madh, a holy place 100 km away from bhuj.  

Fateh Mohammed's House

Abode of a soldier-statesman.
Fathe Mohammed lived during the reign of Rayadhan II (1778-1813).
He was a brave soldier, with his master, he joined the rebelion of "the 12 brothers ", Bara Bhaya Sangh : the Regency Council which deposed the Maharao.

In 1786, the Council failed and he took over administration, restoring stabiltiy and prosperity to Kachchh. He rose to become a  "Diwan" (Second person after the king in the hierarchy), but is remembered by the humble title of "Jamadar" (Soldier).

When he was  ruling Kutch,  instead of staying in a palace, he built a house near patwadi gate which was called "Fathe Mahamadno Khordo" (the home of Fateh Mahamad). 
His house, a mix of architectural styles, symbolises the cultural harmony typical of Kachchh history.

When he died in 1814, he was buried next to his house and his grave is called "Hajiro", it is located in the back side of the main building. Sculptures as well as  Sanskrit and Gujarati writings celebrating his bravers were carved on the stone of the "Hajira" . 

Additional Source : Board at Fathe Mohammed house
 

Kachchh Museum

Kachchh Museum Bhuj is The Oldest in Gujarat In its Largest District. It  Was Founded as an integral part of the school of Art established on 1st July 1877. The first principal of this school was Mr. j.D. Esperance from the j.j school of Art Mumbai.
An exhibition of Arts & Crafts was held in 1884 to celebrate the marriage of the Rao Khengar . Erstwhile state purchased 5897 objects which even to this day from the then Governor of Bombay who had laid the foundation of the new building .it Was shown only on Diwali . After Independence museum was thrown open to the public and through usage came to be known as the Kachchh museum. It was separated from the Department of Education and was placed under Department of museums suffered some damage. The armed protection is provided round the clock by the police.
The museum has the Stone Age tools fossilized plants, aqua life, ammonites. It has large collection of Indus Civilization especially from Dholavira
It has a collection of dozen Kshatrapa inscriptions which include the oldest of the era dtd. 11 Saka the ruler mentioned in this inscriptions chasten has been inferred to be the founder of sake Era is based on this inscription.

There are kori currency notes which were not allowed by the imperial power as legal tender. The arms and ammunition section has swords daggers, rifles. A cannon gifted by Tippu Sultan, cannon dated 1624 of Portuguese make and a bell shaped mortar are very important exhibits.

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It has Large collection of sculptural pieces fallen from the 10th century temples of Kera , Punara ,Kotay & Kanthkot . Museum has many hero stone & tomb stones .One of them showing Cow milking her calf and a boar is quite interesting .these animal are prohibited for eating either by a Hindu or a Muslim by their religions and if any of them grabs the Land meant for making a pond would mean eating concerned animal .
    In the wood section stands Trunked Airawat on which a postal stamp was issued in 1978 coinciding with the centenary of the museum. In the coins section coins from the erstwhile state of kachchh as well as from other native states of India and foreign countries are on display.

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 In The gold and silver section, it has a crown in gold and other fashionable objects.The painting section has Ramayana in Kamangiri (local) style of paintings and Photographs of wall paintings of Kachchh given by Mr. Pradeep Zeveri an expert on kamangiri.

Among The bronze objects is an image of Buddha of 7th Century A.D. the Brahmi inscription on its pedestal informs that  is made by One Nagsinh in memory of his Guru kirti Devi.
The early success of Buddhism was because of their treatment of women when Hindus not allow their women flak to read the Vedas Buddhists allowed women to be even priest.
The textile section has embroidered cloth pieces, Tie and Dye Work as well as mirror and bead work specimens.
Section on trebles has life size statues in their ambience. After the earthquake the adjacent building of Alfred High school has been added to the museum where shipping section is proposed to be set up.

Naniba Pathshala - Gujarat Pollution Board

This building, currently occupied by the Gujarat Pollution Control Board is located next to Fateh Mohammed house on Ashapura road.
Two legends coexist to explain the origin of the building.

The first one tells us that the poet Maharao Lakhpatgi established a Sanskrit school in this location in 1749. It was then called " Vrajbhasa Pathsala" which literally means " Old language school". Scholars from western India were going there to study literature and Sanskrit. The famous Gujarati poet "Shri Dalpatram" was one of its student.

The second story, states that the building  was constructed in the 19th century, in the era of Khingargi III. He decided to call the building after the name of his mum Naniba. The name remained as : Naniba Pathshala.

After being a school, the building was used by the "Bank of India". It was then handed over to the Agriculture department superintendent after Independence.

Old vegetable market

Markets are loud, stinking and striking reflections of a city. There is no better place to appreciate the spirit of a neighbourhood or the state of mind of its people.

The winding streets of the old market in Bhuj are true reflections of its evolving nature. The Shroff market in the old town, housed in an old british garrison, dates back to 1883. People inside buy and sell fruits, vegetables and spices. The building, parts of which were rebuilt after the earthquake in 2001, is quite charming and stands at the corner of two streets that are bustling with traders and tourists.

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Source : http://madeinkachchh.wordpress.com/2012/10/31/the-belly-of-bhuj/
Main drawing : 
http://madeinkachchh.wordpress.com/
Gallery : Kadir, Architect

Sonivadi Dharmshala

Sonivadi Dharmshala is located close to the city police station and opposite the new Swamynarayan Mandir in Bhuj.
A dharamshala is a place where travelers can rest and stay for the night.
In the olden days, Bhuj used to be a walled city. The five doors of the fort were closed every day after sunset and were only opened at sunrise. During this period, the travellers arriving to Bhuj after the doors were closed had to stay outside the city. A lot of them were staying in the Sonivadi Dharmshala.
In 1925, Mahatma Gandhi, stayed in this dharamshala during one of his campaigning for the defense of the “Untouchables” .

Now the Dharmshala is closed and occupied by families who have built their houses inside. They have built walls between the arches that were surrounding the building.

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Two old  boards at the entrance of the compound are giving historical information about how the building was built and used.
Try to go there and read them!

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A Shiva temple, located in the center of the place is still maintained and regularly visited by the people. ( Sri Someshwar Mahadev )

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The pilgrims and travelers used to stay and sleep below the arches all around the building.

 

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1.1 Old Bus station-Pithavali School

Before 70 years back ST bus station of Bhuj was situated behind vegetable market. After a long time bus station was sifted at a new place were it is now and a divisional office of State transport was started there. This office is looks like abandon now a days. Near to this office there was a 'Pitha' means boozer and because of that one school was named as a 'Pithavali School'. Today that school is known as a Panchayati school number 9.

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Bhojak Faliya-Street

Bhojak means priest. A street on the way from Waniyavad to Maherali chowk is known as a 'Bhojak sheri'. Bhojak's were a community who were the priests of Jain community. Bhojak were doing worshiping in Jain Daherasar means Temples. As per information given by an old age person Mr. Pinakin Mehta, there was a shrink street before which is now converted into a big empty plot. As per old records this street was under ward number 3. An old person Mr. Ayubbhai Khatri who has a shop in very starting of this street recognized Bhojak as a Barot means Bart of Jain community. In a corner of the street there is a temple of goddess Ashapura.

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Bhujiya hill

Situated on outskirts of Bhuj, Bhujyo hill is glory of the city. A detailed story of Bhujang Snake is related with this hill. Bhujiyo hill was a military guard for Bhuj city. In Royal time this hill was announced as a protected Rakhal and he has kept some leopards here imported from out side of Kachchh. On the hill of Bhujiya there is a temple of Nag means snake in which only Matangs are worshiping. Every year on such special day in Month of August to September fair of “Nagapanchami” is celebrated in foothills of Bhujiyo hill. As per a tale it is believe that there is a internal tunnel from Bhujiyo hill to Jamnagar as there is some relationship with Bhuj and Jamnagar.

Chabutro-Bhid chowk

This area was very busy due to trading and that's why it was named as a 'Bhid chowk' means busy area. Like 50 years back grain merchants were selling grains in a heap and buyers were choosing heap and were bought grain. Due to customers from Bhuj and out side of Bhuj, this area was very busy which causes for a name 'Bhid chowk', 'Bhid' means crowed. Even today on every Sunday this area is becoming a hub of all types of second hand goods and huge amount of people are buying different things from this temporary market. 

In the center of this Bhid chowk a very historical “Chabutra” means pigeon house is situated. It is recognized from inscription that this Chabutara was build in Era of 1953. This decorative Chabutra had lots of loss in the earthquake of 2001. After earthquake Chabutra was rebuilt but not as an old design. This pigeon house is maintained by Mr. Alifbhai Khalifa in which people are left their ill pigeons and Alifbhai sending them to Suparshwa jain Hospital for treatment.

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Chavadi - police station in old market of bhuj

English version is coming soon

Jubilee Hospital, Bhuj

Jubilee hospital is situated near Sarpat gate of Bhuj. This hospital was started in year 1849. In 1860 facility of 10 beds were started in hospital. In 1877 anniversarry of Queen Victoriya was celebrated, that time this hospital was expanded and on the very day this hospital was named as a 'Jubilee Hospital'. Fisrt stone of this hospital was founded by Duke of Connet.

Old court

This building, located on the north side of Hamirsar lake, is actually not very old. It was first used as "Bhuj Court" and then passed to the "home guard office".
It is now abandonned.

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The Prag Mahal (palace)

The Prag Mahal is a 19th-century palace located next to the Aina Mahal in Bhuj, Gujarat, India. It was commissioned by Rao Pragmalji II, and construction began in 1865. It was designed by Colonel Henry Saint Wilkins in the Italian Gothic style, and many Italian artisans were involved in its construction. The palace artisans' wages were paid in gold coins. Construction of the palace, which ultimately cost 3.1 million rupees, was completed in 1879 during the regency of Khengarji III (Pragmalji II's son) following Pragmalji II's death in 1875. The local Kutchi builder community (Mistris of Kutch) were also involved in construction of Prag Mahal along with Colon Wilinks.

Sourcehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prag_Mahal

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Vokla Faliyo-street

On the way from Maherali chowk to Bhid area there is a street called Wokla Faliya or street. 'Wokla' means stream of rain water. Long time back it was a exit point for rain water. Buildings and shops of this area are built on 2 or 3 feet high platform which indicates that how extreme flow of rain water was in this street.

Sources - Contributors: 

Waniya no Delo

Waniya no Delo is just ahead from Waniyavad area. Jain Upashryas, Jinalay and community hall is situated in this area. Even today number of Jain families are living here and because of that this Dela means doors are called as a 'Waniya no Delo' or 'Jian Delo'. Due to community hall many functions are taking place in this area in which lot's of people are coming here. Inside of Waniya no Delo still there are some houses with old decorative construction.

Sources - Contributors: 

Environment

Urban Cattle

Waste Situation in Bhuj (2010)

A study made by Sahjeevan in 2010, for different areas of Bhuj City.

 

 

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Waste generation study : methodology and results

Perspectives for the management of wastes in Bhuj

Water in the city

Understanding the water system of Bhuj

Bhuj is the capital of Kutch, a semi-arid region located in the western part of Gujarat.
The people of Bhuj have been able to survive in this drought prone area only thanks to a very elaborate system of water management engineered 450 years ago.

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View of Hamirsar  shared by Mr. Vinubhai Gajjar, taken by Mavjibhai Ranchhod Gajjar (pionner photographer of Kutch)  1836 - 1912 View of Lakhota island (now named Rajendra Park). Photograph taken from below the Krishnaji bridge by Mavjibhai Ranchhod Gajjar (pionner photographer of Kutch)  1836 - 1912, shared by Mr. Vinubhai Gajjar

 

The “heart” of the system, which is today also considered as the “heart of Bhuj city” is the Hamirsar lake. All the rain water from the surrounding catchments was made to collect into this central, massive reservoir.

This ancient system has been functioning till 1968. After this date, the development of borewells and the growing urbanization of the city, totally disintegrated it.

Discover how this impressive system was working and how we could revive it ! (see the links below)

Sources - Contributors: 
Topics: 

1. The Hamirsar catchement system

The Hamirsar catchement system

A catchement (also called “drainage basin” ) is an area of land where surface water from rain converges to a single point, in this case : Hamirsar lake.
The annual average rainfall in Bhuj is around 330 mm per year with a variance of 65% which is a big variation. It means that there is a lot of rain some years and no or little rain other years. Storing the water is then essential!

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Source : ACT

The original area of collection of water (catchement) was too small to fill Hamirsar lake. Water had to be hanessed from 5 other surrounding catchements throug ingeniously located channels and tunnels.

The concentration of rain water was so efficient that it could fill the 4 important lakes of Bhuj which are interconnected  :
1. Dhobi lake
2. Hamirsar lake
3. Chattedi lake
4. Pragsar lake (after the overflow of the 3 first ones)

 

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Source : ACT

 

I. The Dhunaraja, Tapka and Lakki Catchments were connected by the Haripar Canal
II. Mirzapar River was connected by the Mochirai Canal
III. Khari River was connected by the Bhuj Irrigation Canal

When the water  dried in lakes 1,2,3 and 4 , the gates of the feeder dams a,b,c,d and were open to refill them.

a. Dhunaraja dam
b. Hamidrai lake
c. Mundra Road lake
d. Mochrai tank
e. Bhuj Irrigation Dam

Do you know that in and around 43 lakes are playing a key role in the storage of water, regulation of storm water, etc. 
 

Discover what is happening "undergound" and how  a huge amount of water is stored just below our feet !  >>> 

 

Topics: 

2. Geology and Topography in and around Bhuj

One cannot understand the water system of the city without understanding what is happening underground!


The general slope of the terrain is toward the north (from the hills towards Bhuj) whereas underground “water proof layer” slopes the other way around.

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Source : ACT

Bhuj is located on a “porous” sandstone which acts like a “sponge”. The surface rain waters flows towards Hamirsar and the other city lakes. It can then penetrate the ground and get “stored” in this enormous natural underground “tank”. The underground water could then be tapped through one of the 60 wells in the city.

The shale layer, below the sandstone, is water proof and makes sure that the water doesn't flow out of Bhuj Area underground.


All the “feeder dams”, in the upper part of the catchment, are directly in contact with the shale layer. The water doesn't go underground and is therefore a great surface water storage which can be used to “refill” Bhuj lakes when required.

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Source: ACT

Incredible , isn't it!?

But what happened to this system? Is it still working? Discover it here 

3. The current situation of the water system in Bhuj

The water supplied by the Municipality comes from 30 borewells  (26 in Kukma village and 4 in Bhuj) and the Narmada river. This doesn't succeed to fulfill the need of all the citizens.

 

Even though this water system, conceived hundreds of years back, could easily cover the water requirement of Bhuj population, it has not been maintained and only 20% of the water from the different catchments is actually reaching the lakes of Bhuj.

What has happened to the water system?

Construction , encroachment, debris dumping, etc... have been responsible of the slow destruction of the ancestral water system of Bhuj.
Click on the map below to see the details.

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Source : EPC

Many of the 43 lakes in and around Bhuj have also suffered from the lack of maintenance and the pollution. (Discover all these lakes)

Reviving the water system

ACT, JSS, the municipality, the collector... etc are currently working hands in hands to try to revive the water system of Bhuj, readapting it to the present situation.

Here are a few actions to be taken : 

Topics: 

The lakes of Bhuj City

Click on a lake to access its information (Sources : Lake survey done by JSSS with ACT support)

LEGEND= Main lakes    = Other lakes

 

To learn more about the water system of Bhuj, visit this page.

 

 

Location of the lakes Number
In the boundary of Bhuj city30
In Haripar village 4
In Mirzapar 3
In the boundary of BSF2
In Madhapar4
TOTAL 43
Condition of the lakesNumber
Existing and visible lakes in "good condition"29
Silted lakes 13
Disappeared lakes 6
Polluted 11
Partially encroched lakes7
Lakes used for drinking and domestic water 6
Topics: 

Hamirsar lake - the heart of the city

More information soon!

External links : 

Chhataradi lake

Deshalsar Lake

Situated near Bhid gate this Deshalsar lake was founded in time of Maharav Deshalji first in time between 1719-1752, which was called “Bharyu” in history. This lake was handed over and was kept open for citizens. Half of the rain water is coming in this lake. People are using this lake for washing clothes, vehicles, bathing and also clean their animals.

Dhobi lake

Pragsar lake

Other lakes

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Aiya Nagar Takiyo lake (Haripar, BSF campus)

The lake is located in the BSF Campus.

It is a very old and traditional lake. The name of the lake originates from "Takia Baba".

Area : 1 acre

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BSF Campus lake (Kodki road)

The lake is located inside the BSF campus (Kodki road). The land was alloted to the BSF by the government and the lake area has dicresed a lot due to construction work. 

Left are : 1 to 1.5 acre

The water is coming from K.D. motors and the rest of the BSF campus.
It then goes to Khari Nadi. 

 

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Bhanrai lake (Mirzapar)

The lake is about 100 years old and is surrounded on every side by a strong massonery work.

Its area is about 3 to 4 acre.
It is only used for domestic purpose  (washing cloth) .

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Bhujia hill lake 1

It is located at a low point on the Eastern area of Bhujia fort and is "as old as the fort". There are boundaries on the North and East side of the lake. The overflow flows toward Madhapar highway. 

Area : 12 acre

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Bhujiya Hill lake 2

Area : 3 to 4 acre

It is located at the feet of Bhujia hill, outside of Bhujiafort and used for cattle and domestic use. 

All the water coming from the western side of the hill gets stored in this lake.

The lake is "as old as Bhujia fort".

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Bhuteshwar lake (outside of Bhid Naka, Bhuteshwar Nagar)

Area : 3 acre

The lake catchement is Suralbhit area and the water flows towards Panjra Pod area and Rudrani. 

The temple of Bhuteswar Mahadev is located on the bank of the lake .

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Boby lake (hospital road,Vijay Nagar)

This lake doesn't exist anymore. 40 years ago, it was located near Dr Navlekar Hospital.

The water was coming from Bhujia hill. 

Nowadays you cannot see any trace of a lake because of constructions.

 

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Chhachhi lake (new airport road)

The lake is located next to airport road, after the "Jogi Vaas" area.

The lake has been divided in 2 parts because of the airport Ring road and its area has also reduced. The water is used by the cattles and for irrigation purpose by the surrounding farmers. 
The water is coming from the east area of this lake.

Area : 3 to 4 acre

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Chhiprai lake (Mirzapar)

It is a "Natural" lake which is more than 100 years old. Its water is only used for drinking purpose.

When the lake overflow, the village gather in the nearby Swaminarayan temple for a celebration. They are taking good care of the lake and are aware of the necesity to protect it.

Area : 5 acres

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Chokivari lake (Mundra road)

Located on Mundra road, in front of the BSF headquarter office, the lake was made at the time of Princes and Raos. 

The constructions around the lake have drastically reduced the size of the lake which is now only 1.5 to 2 acres.

The catchement of the lake is the area located in front of BSF campus. The overflow goes toward Reliance road. 

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Devarai lake (Airport road)

The lake is located between the airport road (West) and the Women Ashram (East).

It is a very old man made lake, built to prevent the run out of rain water flow. The bottom of the lake is covered with clay which ensures a good storage of the water.

In 2012, Mr Alimamadbhai from Juma Vandh restored the lake by excavating it to increase its depth. 

The water is used by catlle breeders.

Area : 2 acres 

 

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Dhaberai lake

The lake is located close to Sarpat Gate , next to Mahdev temple and is around 70 years old.

The water flow was coming from Sarpat gate but for the past 5 to 7 years, all the water inflows have been bloked by constructions and the lake filled with debris, avoiding the lake to get filled. It is now used to gather the cattles. 

"Dhaberai" litteraly means : " Clean the stain" . Historically, the Maldaries (Life stock keeper) where coming to this lake to wash the leather with Ghee.

Area : 2 acres

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Dhunara lake (Airforce road)

The lake is as old as the Rudrani temple (time of Raos and princes) and is located in front of the Air Force gate. 

The water of this lake is green color due to the proliferation of algaes.

Area : 30 acres

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Dosrai lake (Karinadi road)

The lake is situated near the Japharsa Pir Dargah ( Dargah = Shrine in english).

The legend says that an old lady from the Bakali community purchased the land from the king and built a road and a lake. She told to the king that since she had no family and lived alone, she wanted to name the lake : " The old lady's lake"  : "Dosirai Lake".

 The water of the lake is coming from the surrounding farms. Only a quarter of the lake remains due to encroachment of the water inflow which widht has decreased from 6 feet to 2.5 feet. 

There are 2 wells inside the lake.

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Fatel lake (Madhapar)

The lake is located south east of Bhujia hill, at the south of Madhapar Ringroad.
There is always water in the lake, its depth is 5 feet and it is covered with lotus flowers.

There is massonery walls on three sides of the lake. It is used for domestic use (cloth washing and bath) 

Area : 4 Acre

 

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Fatel lake (Mundra Road)

Its water is coming from the Laki Hill.  

The lake is famous for providing water to the Hamirsar lake. Its water used to flow towards Chhiprai lake in Mirzapar, which then fills Mochirai Rakhal Lake. An underground tunnel "24 Kuva Aav" (24 wells)  was then taking the water directly to Hamirsar lake. This underground channel is now cut and only a portion of this tunnel is left.

The catchement area of the Fatel Lake has been reduced from 12 to 10 hectares. Some water has been diverted towards  Kutch University lake

The current depth of the lake is 10 feet.

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GIDC Valu lake

It is locate near Madhapar Highway, behind Dindayalnagar at GIDC. 
In the past the water was used for drinking purpose but nowadays but nowadays the water is poluted by sewage.

The contamination of the lake is slightly decreased thanks to the installation of a "DEWAT" plan. (Dececentralized Waste Water Treatment )

Area : 3 acres

 

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Hamdrai lake (Tapkeshwari)

The lake is situated next to the mosque, which is situated next to the monarchy kuvo time. The pond water is recharged kuvo which were irrigated. Katarola active fault at the boundary walls of the river was closed.

The lake is located next to a mosque and an old well which gets water from the lake.

The water was used for irrigation purpose. However because of sismic activities the Katarol fall has closed the connection between the pond and the well. The well is now dried.

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Jakh lake (Madhapar)

It is a natural lake and its water inflow is coming from the south (Yaks temple, Madhapar).  
The North East part of the lake has been closed by soil dumping. 

Its water is used for domestic purpose. 

Every year the Nana Yaks fair is organized at the bank of this lake.

Area : 4 acre

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Jivan Rai lake (Orient Colony)

The lake is located in Bhuj Orient Colony near the Santoshi Mata temple.

It used to be 4 acre but at present its area has been reduced to 1 or 1.5 acre. The renovation of the inflow and outflow of the lake has been stopped. 
In the past, when the lake overflowed, there was a celebration organised at the Santoshi Mata temple as well as swimming competition and spiritual gathering. 
The water of the lake is coming from Jubilee ground channel and the outflow is toward the Kalptaru channel.

 

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Kari Mori lake (Madhapar)

The lake is located in Nava Vaas (Madhapar), between Shriji Vidhyalay and Sahajanand sports club. Khari Mori can be translated as : "Shoulder of the black hills". 

The lake is surrounded by strong boundary walls and Vadala trees which makes it a beautifull example of water source management.  A lake maintenance committee is managing the lake and organizing events with people participation.

The lake is filled through channels which are taking water from a river crossing Madhapar.

The water is used for drinking purpose and for the cattles. Turtles and other water animals are populating this lake.  
Area : 2 to 2.5 hectares
Depth : 5 to 7 feet

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Lakhurai and Pashurai lake (Suralbhitt road, near the railway crossing)

This lake was made aproximately 100 year ago by a goat and sheep keeper called Lakhu Rabari. It was named after him : lakhurai.

The lake has been divided in 2 parts by the construction of a road :

  • One part is called Pashurai near the railway crossing
  • The other part is still known as Lakhurai.

The water in Pashurai is used for the cattle and the Lakhurai has been encroached but the construction of houses.

Area of both lakes : 8 to 10 acres

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Maidharai lake (Behind Haripar cemetery)

This lake was made during the time of the Maharaos. It is located behind Kutch University, next to a Hindu cemetry (Haripar). One can find an old watch tower on the bank of the lake. The stable of Kutch state was be located next to this lake as well.

The water is used for the cattle. 

Area : 2 to 3 acres 

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Mochirai Rakhal lake (Sukhpar Panchayat, Bhuj Sim)

The lake is located in Mochirai forest area, a natural reserve of 140 hectares. 

A cobbler community (the Mochis) used to wash their leather in Hamirsar lake which lead to its contamination. People of Bhuj requested the king at that time to stop this practice. 

The king decided to make a lake specialy for this purpose. That is why the lake is now called "Mochirai".

Later on Sri Krushna Anandji Marharaj built his Ashram next to this lake, causing the migration of the Mochi community.
There is now a Mahadevji temple and a well on the bank of the lake.
Three sides of the lake are surounded by a concrete wall.

Area : 5 acre.

Depht : 10 feet.

 The lake has an area of about 5 acres and a depth of 10 feet. Mahadevajinum temple is situated on the shores of a pond. The lake also has a kuvo. And three positive side wall is constructed.

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Mota Pir Hoj (Khalinadi road, Mota Pir shrine)is so less that

There is a cistern with steps on the side of the lake.

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Nonghrai lake (Mundra road, Mehulpark)

The lake is located on the west side of Mundra road, beside the Ashapura temple in Kovai Nagar.
A 500m strong wall has been built along the west and east sides. The age of this structure is confirming that the lake is very old.
A muslim shrine has been built near the overflow which is 40 feet wide.

The water overflow goes in direction of Mirzapar lake.

A portion of the lake has been encroached by private properties.  

Area : 10 hectars

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Panjrapol lake (Bapadayalunagar)

Parvatirai lake (Trimurti Mandir, airport ring road)

The water is coming from the hills of Padadhapith, it explains the name of the lake.

It was used by the cattles. 

A 4 feet thick wall has been built on the western side but somebody pierced it to try to use the lake water for agriculture purpose. This whole has never been fixed. Debris from the earthquake were dumped in the lake and the airport has blocked the inflow of water, puting the lake in a critical situation.

A stone mine was made next to the lake. It is now filled with water, creating a "second" lake.

Area : 2 to 2.5 hectares

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Railway crossing lake

The lake appeared on both side of the railway after the construction of the railway crossing. 
The water comes from the Motapir hill.

Area : 1.5 acre

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Rajgorai lake (Bhuj airport)

The lake was made by the Rajgor community as indicated by its name. It was used for the cattle and for the visitors coming from surrounding villages. On the nortwest corner, a 200m wall remains. Bhakarsha Pir shrine was built on the western side of the lake. 

The area of the lake was divided by 2 due to the construction of the airport.
The lake being far from the disturbance of the city, it is inhabited by many birds and aquatic animals.

Area : 5 to 7 hectares

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Romaniya lake (Bimrao nagar)

The water is coming from Kodki garden, the lake is located on the west side of the catchement. 

A small overflow from Chatardi lake was going through Khengarpark and filling the lake. However no water has come though this channel for the past 20 years.

Due to house constructions, only one forth of the lake remains.

Area : 16 acres

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Sardar Nagar lake (Haripar road)

The lake appeared due to excavations work for construction  in Sardarnagar.

Area : 3 to 4 acres

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Shriji lake (RTO relocation site)

The lake is located on the North of Shriji Nagar, at the feet of Bhudjio hill. 
A massonery wall was built on the south side as well as on the inflow and overflow of the lake.

The lake is used for domestic purpose.

Area : 2 acres
Depth : 4 to 5 feet.

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Smashan Vala lake (Mirzapar road op. Suncity society)

A small river coming from the south-west of Suncity forms the Smashan lake.
It is surounded by farms and Muslim and Coli cemetery.

The lake boundaries are well formed and the water comes from Swaminarayan Avenue. 

Area : 3 acres
Depth : 7 to 8 feet

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University lake

The lake is located on the east side of the Kutch University Campus. Its surface is approximately 2 to 3 acre.

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Waste water treatment

Urban planning and development

Development Plan

You can download the development plan map below.

Various Studies

Socio-economic studies

Various studies in the city of Bhuj

Health vulnerabilities in urban slum areas of Bhuj, Gujarat

D Kassam for KMVS Bhuj, Gujarat
November 2012

Background

  • Official figure of 46,000 slum dwellers in 47 geographically defined areas- underestimate due to exclusion of many unlisted slums
  • Slums characterised by poor quality water supply, sanitation, drainage, hazardous physical environment, poor access to public health facilities, overcrowded households, insecure livelihoods – health indicators in urban slums often worse than rural areas
  • Urban poor not homogeneous group -  varying degrees of vulnerabilities between and within slums with distinct socio-economic gradients
  • An understanding of the knowledge gaps and barriers to access as important determinants to improve maternal and child health in slum areas

Research question:

What are the knowledge gaps in preventive health behaviour, health rights and barriers to health service access and how do they influence health related behaviour and health vulnerabilities of women and children in 22 identified slum areas in Bhuj?

Methodology

  • 13 Focus group discussions (FGD) with each of 3 target groups- total of 36 FGDs
    • Women aged over 20 years from different ethnic backgrounds and sections within the slum areas
    • Pregnant Women or women with young children
    • adolescent girls aged 13-19 years

 

  • 5 semi structured interviews with system level stakeholders
  • Observation Mamta Day clinic operation

Stakeholder interviews

 

  • Urban Health Program Coordinator
  • Medical Officer in charge Urban Health Center GK General Hospital
  • Nurse providing services at 23 anganwadis serving slum areas
  • Private practitioner servicing the Sheikh Faliya and Bapa Dayalu area (Dr Salim)
  • Doctor at PPC one of the largest free clinics in Bhuj frequented by slum dwellers around the Bhuj area (Dr Seema)

 

 

Situation : slum photos

Direct links 

Ambedkar Vas

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Ashapura Nagar

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Ashapura Nagar

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Shivam Ram Madap

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Rama Nagari

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Datarniya Vas

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Findings

INDEX  : 

Common Health Problem

  • Fever – malaria, dengue, typhoid, upper respiratory tract infections
  • Undernourishment amongst kisoris and young women/ mothers Pockets within slums with more vulnerable groups especially single income families with insecure income- maybe also related to substance abuse and dietary choices
  • Teen pregnancies
  • Multiple pregnancies with problems (some areas worse -Ashapura)
  • Vaccination coverage very poor in some areas
  • Headache (proxy for stress and tension)
  • Abdominal pain – Reproductive health problems
  • Safed pani ( sexually transmitted diseases)
  • Substance abuse amongst adults and adolescent youth in most areas
  • Anemia (may be related to substance abuse)
  • Men's health issues

Health knowledge /awareness

  • Huge knowledge gaps about disease prevention including vaccinations- measles immunisation rates extremely low (cultural barriers, fear) so herd immunity absent
  • Health related behaviours- connection between hygiene and health- boiling drinking water, poor personal hygiene, disposal of body waste materials -cultural and educational
  • Antenatal check-ups infrequent or absent amongst some groups, gaps in post natal care and care of the newborn, iron/ calcium supplements
  • Family planning issues centred around religious/ cultural barriers
  • Cultural barriers especially with sexually transmitted diseases can mean inadequate treatment / health communication in culturally sensitive manner/ men's health issues

Coverage of Child Health Services in Urban Slums of 6 Municipal Corporations and Rural Areas of Gujarat

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Entitlements

  • Land tenure absent- All except GIDC are unlisted slums so civic services missing especially waste disposal, drainage
  • BPL cards confusion – some not aware whether they are still registered
  • Some clearly eligible but without BPL cards
  • Knowledge of entitlements due under BPL cards
  • Promised payments that never arrive or incomplete payments
  • Accountability issues within public health care delivery (cause of death/ disability)
  • Bureaucratic system makes it difficult to obtain BPL cards
  • Issues with supplies at anganwadis/ physical location
  • No primary health centre within close proximity so most use private facilities and spend Rs 5000 to 20,000 annually depending on complexity of illness

Physical environment

  • No waste disposal services so pile up of hazardous waste as a public health issue
  • No gutters or overflowing gutters in some slum areas
  • Unstable and often unsafe water supply (Shivam Ram)
  • Sanitation issues with some households lacking adequate facilities
  • Overcrowded living arrangements
  • Poor public lighting

Education

  • Cultural barriers especially with young girls- approximately 90% in the FGDs did not go to school past 7th grade perpetuating cycle with marriages arranged at young age (15-20 years) to similarly lower educated boys.
  • Financial barriers - most secondary schooling is in Bhuj centre and slum areas are further out so transport costs prohibitive
  • Undernourishment / anemia may be responsible for lack of attention or apathy amongst young girls.

Community cohesiveness

  • Most slum areas comprised of mixed communities divided along socioeconomic lines, caste, religion and ethnicity
  • Some areas had inherent problems of illegal liquor brewing, gambling including women which fractures communities and the neighbourhood showed obvious signs of neglect – Valmiki Nagar
  • Lack of land tenure gives little incentive to improve physical environments of unlisted slums- households, green spaces, responsible waste disposal

System level issues

  • Focus still on rural health while urban migration has put pressure on urban services which cannot cope
  • Large under-served slum areas (8 sub centres planned in the Urban Health Plan) UH plan needs to take into account unlisted slums and situate sub centres / anganwadis accordingly
  • Little political will
  • Inadequate human and financial resources (2 nurses each servicing 23 anganwadis (8 positions) limiting reach. CBV 10 in all with target of 23 – 1 per 2000 slum population
  • Inefficiencies in operating
  • Private facilities especially charitable trusts fill health services gap as they often prove cheaper than government facilities
  • System level issues -contd
  • Anganwadi hours not convenient for women who work or perceived as “not for us”
  • Lack of inter-sectoral collaboration or influence with non health sectors that impact on health (housing, education, water, sanitation, urban planning, services such as outdoor mosquito sprays)
  • Urban Health focusses on family planning and vaccination numbers without the supportive structure to address cultural barriers and behaviour change
  • Little faith in the public system- difficult to navigate, time consuming, transport costs - low demand and usage of services (“You only get a bed there”) except by the very poor

Existing services - Mamta Day Datarniya Vas

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Recommendations

  • Map unlisted slums along with listed slums as an advocacy strategy – mapping will provide a tool for linking services to the most under-served areas in an efficient manner
  • Partnerships with local informal/ formal providers of health services, other NGOs and government services (work with other NGOs to avoid duplication, work with private providers for education/awareness/ behaviour change, diversification of services (men's clinic), work with govt services to increase vaccination rates and coverage by linking with private providers who occupy a position of trust amongst slum dwellers
  • Local capacity building with training / behaviour change models and human resource support

 

Recommendations -contd

  • Awareness and education programs on health and health related issues using radio, sms technology, street theatre, Bollywood style dramatisation of social and health issues, waiting room posters and videos
  • Empowerment of women in claiming entitlements and building social capital for access to better facilities (water, sanitation, waste disposal )
  • Mobilise communities to invest in services that affect the common good – waste disposal, 'safai', clean water. Some areas have strong kisori groups /animators
  • Raise awareness of upward mobility through education especially of girls

 

Community assets as hope for change

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KMVS IN AN INTERMEDIARY ROLE

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Acknowledgements


Sincere thanks to :

  • Urban team
  • Health team with special thanks to Narendra
  • Rural health team
  • Awesome staff at KMVS !!!

 

Slums situation

About all the slums

View all Slums Alphabetically

Other studies

Bhuj Memory project - Stories of Bhuj Communities

Kutch has always been a region of exchange, passage and trade... this reflects in many ways through the culture, crafts and the different communities who settled in the area. Bhuj as the capital of Kutch is a great example of this diversity.

The Bhuj memory project, initiated by Bhuj Bole Chhe, aims to gather formal and informal stories and memories from each community of Bhuj, highlighting the exchanges and historical inter-dependencies between them as well as the way each of them has contributed to the birth and growth of the city.

Like the rest of the BBC platform, the information are provided by the people and we are merely helping to make it visible and accessible to all. 
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Koli Community

A summarised history of the Koli community: its traditions, customs and beliefs

There is a Guajarati saying which translates to: “Even if it is only half a bread, I will earn it to have it”. I had the good fortune to meet a community which aptly represent this very thought! A community that occupies the fringe position not only in the society ladders, but also in its living quarters in the city. A community that does smallest of labour jobs, however, has become a major part in the “urban development” of the city of Bhuj. Even a single meet with this small community provides enough insight into their vigilance towards the upkeep of its customs and traditions, which can put to shame the so called contemporary urban civilisations.

The First Introduction:

To earn their wages, the Koli people used to commute all the way from as far as Waagad and Mandvi to Bhuj on a daily basis to work on ‘Bardaan’, i.e. to stitch sacks that too for a simple daily wage of Rs 3 and they have maintained this occupation till date. Neither the harsh weather conditions, nor the distance stopped the youth of the community to come to Bhuj and earn a living for themselves and their families. However, over the years, the daily travel became a tougher and time consuming affair, leading them to consider the option of migrating to Bhuj. Of the 7-8 individuals who used to travel to Bhuj for their daily jobs, all of them shifted to Bhuj and five of them settled with the families.

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Lakhdhirbhai ‘Bhopa’, who is considered the mediator of the local deity within the community, has a slightly different version for the reason of shifting to Bhuj. According to him, the ancestors of the community were landlords in their own rights, however, the worsening conditions of the rainfall situation in Kutch and the subsequent famine led either to the division, sharing or selling of the land property. In the end, the once landlords were forced to consider other options for survival and turned towards manual labour. The seniors of the community accept that the community was forced to move towards manual labour owing to the fact the education within the community was close to nill.

Occupation

Gradually from being labours and hired help who would stitch the sacks, the Koli’s started growing and graduated to being owners of their own businesses. There still are several people who are still stuck with the labour jobs and although their wages have gone up from Rs 3 to Rs 300, however considering the inflation it has done nothing to improve their standard of living. The Koli community has always kept up good business relationship with the ‘Luhana’ community in Bhuj, and the same respect has been seen reverted to them by the Luhanas and Vaniyas, which are the leading business communities in the city.

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Social Hierarchy and organisation:

The Koli Samaj or community is mainly divided into 3 main castes – Thakeda, Parkara and Kutchi meta which are then further divided into various sub castes. Before their migration to Bhuj, the large Koli community in Waagad and Mandvi met annually and for various occasions, however, the migration has effected the community gatherings to some extent. In Bhuj, the major residential congregations for the Koli people are in the areas of Ashapura nagar, Panjrapol, Ramnagri, Ganeshnagar and Fulpatiya. Even within the city of Bhuj, the community is unable to come together for large social gatherings (Naat), except for weddings and other family occasions. One of the biggest gatherings of the Koli Samaj is seen on the 8th day of Navratri. The partition of India in 1947 led to several of their relations living across the border in Karachi, Pakistan with whom they have kept up connections through mail.

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Lifestyle and Dressing:

The dressing and lifestyle of the Koli community is very simple but they reflect customs very unique to their tribe. During weddings, the groom’s side is often expected to give gifts in terms of jewellery and cash to the bride’s family. Another interesting thing is that whatever be the income in the household, a considerable amount of the savings is invested in Gold and Silver ornaments.

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They have been known to wear traditional ornaments like Raamrami, Kadla-Kaambi, Chudla Wadlo etc.  which can weigh anywhere between 250 gm to 1 kg. The women of the community wear long skirts of 7 metres, a blouse and a black chunni (Odhno), the men of the Koli folk often wear a ‘chapni’ which is a kind of narrow bottom trouser with suddenly flares around the top accompanied with a specific type of Kurta and coat. The women in the community often tattoo on their hands with specific symbols and signs which are called ‘Trajva’. During their days of settlement in Waagad, they were known to imprint these symbols by themselves and this tradition of tattoing still continues to this day.

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Tradition:

The customs and traditions of the Koli folk are very peculiar to their community. If a person’s wife passes away and the person wishes to remarry, he is not permitted to attend the final rights of his deceased wife. His attending the funeral is an indication to the community that he is unwilling to marry again. In case of a widow, she is never allowed to remarry; however, she can live with another widower of the community as his responsibility. The people of the Koli community marry within their community and have never married outside the Koli and any relationship of the sort with outsiders of the community leads to them being outcasts in their society. Another interesting custom of the Koli’s is that they will get married only after they have seen nine proposals (nav -natra).

Music:

The Koli’s are followers of the Goddess and thus, the music and folk songs are a compilation of hymns, prayers, invocations and worship of the deity. In Bhuj, a family of four brothers of the community who stay in Ashapura nagar, took up the responsibility of keeping the folk music of the community alive. Even today, Dilipbhai Bhurabhai Kasvia is involved with the Koli folk music. Apart from the drums, Ektara, cymbals, dholaka, jhanjha and pakhavaja, a special huge mebrophane instrument called the ‘Daak’ is also used during the deity worships.

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Education:

In the sector of education, as has been mentioned by the community people itself, the literacy rate is next to nil. The Koli community was earlier a part of the OBC and could merit on those provisions. At the time, even an eighth grade pass person was able to avail a government job. Owing to certain reasons, the Koli community was excluded from the OBC status. This has led to several people having to resort to manual labour or face unemployment even if they have cleared their 10th grades.

Article Transleted by : Khushbu Soni

Sources - Contributors: 

Marvada Community (Bhimraonagar)

Nagar Community

English version coming soon

Family tree of Bhuj Nagar community

English version coming soon

Family Tree of Anjaria

Please find attached PDF file for Family tree of Anjaria Surname

Family Tree of Antani Surname

Plaese find attached PDF file for Family tree of Antani family

Family Tree of Chhaya Surname

Plaese find attached PDF file for Family tree of Chhaya Surname

Family Tree of Dholakia Surname

Please find attached PDF file for family tree of Dholakia surname

Family Tree of Mankad Surname

Please find attached PDF file for Family tree of Mankad Surname

Family Tree of Swadiya Surname

Please find attached PDF file for Family tree of Swadiya Surname

Family Tree of Vaidya Surname

Please find attached PDF file for Vaidya Surname

Family Tree of Vaishnav Surname

Please find attached PDF file for Family tree of Vaishnav Surname

Family Tree of Vora Surname

Please find attached PDF file for Family tree of Vora Surname

Features of Nagar Community

English version coming soon

Glory of Nagar chakla

English Verion coming soon

Sources - Contributors: 

Origins of Surnames in Nagar community

Derived from geographical (village or city) names:
Anjaria, Antani, Avashia, Badheka, Baxi, Bhachech, Bhatt, Buch, Chhaya, Desai, Dhebar, Dholakia, Dhruva, Divetia, Ghoda, Hathi, Jhala, Joshipura, Kachhi, Kantharia, Kavishwar, Lakhia, Majumdar/Mazumdar, Mankad or Mankar, Munshi, Oza, Pandya, Parghi, Pattani, Trivedi, Unakar, Vachharajani, Vahia, Vasavada, Vaidya, Vaishnav, Veravala, Vora, Vyas, Yagnik
Derived from family ancestry:
Amin, Anantani, Antani, Bavani, Bhatt, Kikani, Majmundar, Maknani, Premapuri, Rana, Rindani, Savani, Vachharajani, Vaishnav, Vyas
Derived from titles awarded by Rajput and Muslim rulers:
These rulers ruled Gujarat for about eight centuries. Nagars were on prominent positions and were awarded many titles. These twenty surnames include names such as:
Amin, Baxi, Bhagat, Desai, Divan, Gharekhan, Janita, Jathhal, Jha, Kothari, Medh, Munshi, Parghi, Pota, Swadia
Derived from professional titles:
Most Nagars are professionals. Many surnames were derived from their professions. These names include:
Acharya, Bhatt, Buch, Diwanji or Divanji, Druv, Jikar, Mandloi, Mankad/Mankodi/Mankar, Mehta, Nanavati, Pandit, Pathak, Purohit, Upadhyay, Vaidya, Vyas
Other names:
Bhatt, Dave, Hathi, Hora, Jani, Kharod, Maharaja, Mankad/Mankodi/Mankar, Okhnis, Thakore, Vyas
There are several surnames used in various regions in Gujarat.
From Kachchh:
Jhala, Kachchhi, Maru, Oza
From Kathiawad:
Bhatt, Dholakia, Jha, Mankad Mankodi/Mankar, Nagar, Oza, Pancholi, Virani, Vyas
The following are surnames of Gujarati Nagar Brahmins:
Acharya, Bhatt, Derasari, Desai, Dixit, Dwivedi, Joshi, Joshipura, Mankad/Mankodi/Mankar, Naik/Nayak, Pandya, Pathak, Pattani, Raval, Shukla, Thakar, Tripathi, Trivedi, Vora, Vyas, Yagnik, Yodh


Note : Some of the following surnames are also found in other communities.

Sidi Community

The Sidi community has settled in Bhuj right from the time the city was established. They had claimed important place in the royal court for their honesty and loyalty. The Sidis have merged with local community to such an extent that their history has become an integral part of the later, and, though knowingly or unknowingly, the community has become the victim of negligence with time, documentation of history of Kutch is incomplete without mention of their sacrifices. The history of the Sidis who had won the trust of Maharao (the ruler of Kutch)  is indeed very interesting.

Introduction:

The Sidis originally hail from South Africa. They have not migrated to Kutch on their own but were shipped to Kutch by Maharao considering  their tall, strong and well-built physique and their loyal disposition apt to be employed in the defense service of the State Initially they settled down in Port of Jakhau, Vinzan (Abdasa)and Vagad. They came to Bhuj from different areas of Kutch and accordingly they were identified and called by the names of the areas they migrated from, like, Chobariwala, Fojdar, Makranawala, Vagadwala and so on. Those of them who were proficient, were employed in the State services and others joined the army and some others who could not adapt to the climate of Kutch, settled in different parts of Saurashtra , like  Rajkot, Bhavnagar, Jamnagar, Junagarh and  Surendranagar.

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Their Means of Livelihood | Occupation:

They  protected and guarded the process of construction of Bhuj township. For their great regard for the values of truthfulness, respectfulness and trustworthiness, they were appointed even to the strategic posts of army-commander and treasurer of the State. According to an information, on the death of the treasurer who shouldered  all the  responsibilities  of the entire State treasury, the family behind, wasn’t lefteven with enough food for their survival. The community with such high morals feels sorry  for the history not having  taken any note of both their loyal services to the old  State and  their participation in the 1971 Indo-Pak War.

Social Order:

About 150 Sidi families were living in the SejwalaMatam locality of Bhuj  before the 2001 earthquake, with great  harmony and fraternity amongst themselves. The unity was such that at any time – be it day or night – if the Mutvasaheb (a religious  leader in Muslim community) blew the ’Naafir’ (a kind of conch) from the Dargaah (the shrine) of the Hazrat Mubaraq Bawa Gor, members from each family would come out to gather at the shrine. The community had also developed  intimacy with Arabs, Muslims and Pathans of this  area. They also admit that the standard of their girls’ education in particular, and,the standard of the education of the community in general, hasgone up owing to their contacts and interaction with the Hindu community. One of their girls has even bagged a gold medal in Karnataka University. All the same, their youth is still wandering in search of good job and occupational opportunities  they are deprived of.  Even in public sectors, there are few Sidis to have secured good jobs on the basis of their own merit and skill.
The Sidis of Bhujand those of Saurashtra have matrimonial relations among themselves and they eat at each other’s place. In other words, there is mutual social interaction among them. There is much similarity in their social customs and conventions.The entire community gathers in the fair organized at the site of the Samadhi (shrine) of  Bawa in Ratanpur near Bharuch district in the month of June – July.
Their life-style and entire social order being  so similar, isn’t it surprising that the Saurashtra Sidi community is identified as a socially backward class and is availed of all the government  benefits  such class is entitled for, whereas the Kutch Sidi community is identified only as an educationally backward class thus keeping it deprived of all those privileges.

Culture:

As the after–effects  of  the 2001 earthquake and owing to the growth in their population, the Sidis gradually have come to settle in other parts of Bhuj .Today, Kutchi  has become the language of their dialect.  But, their mother -tongue is Swali – a language that can neither be learnt nor taught; it can only be inherited. But when they are in their religious or spiritual fits, they speak only Swali! Even today, they sing more than 60  JIKROs in Swali which are sung in chorus and everybody, young or old, participates in the singing enhancing the charm of the chorus.

 

Music:

Whenever we speak of Sidi music, it immediately reminds us of Sidi-Dhamaal. We all have seen Sidi-Dhamaal in Ranotsav (Festival of the Desert ), Kutch-Utsav (Kutch Festival) etc. The history of Sidi-Dhamaal is equally interesting. Sidis perform Dhamaal on stage, in family functions and at the Dargaah, the shrine. Unlike any other common group performances, Dhamaal cannot be performed just  like that, that is, just by gathering and starting dancing. It is to be performed ritually. Everybody is invoked ritually to play. Dhamaal is to be played bare-footed. If anybody plays Dhamaal with shoes on, the dance does not gain its tempo and zenith. Then the person has to take off his shoes and ask Bawa’s forgiveness . Then only the Dhamaal gains its real zest, real gusto. The musical instrument used to build up the tempo of Dhamaal is called ‘Sahelani’. It is a ‘Mugarnuma’ - a four-footed drum which is to be heated for producing original Dhamaal-beats that boosts the religious fits of the performers. To add to the zest  a rattle-like instrument called ‘Maimishra’ and  ‘SidiMalunga’ (an instrument producing sound like ‘Mast Kalandar’) and a drum called ‘Musinga’ also join the orchestra to boost up the tempo. The beat of the Musinga is heart-beat raising.

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Besides the shrine of Bawa Gori, there are two more shrines of Sidis in Bhuj and not only the Sidis, but Hindus too bow and pay salute at the Dargah (the shrine) and that the Mahajans (Hindu s) had borne the 80% of the expense of the post-earthquake renovation – expense of the Sidi Jamat Khana (a building for the use of the community) illustrates the faith of the Hindus in Bawa Gori. Even to-date, some Pakhali (a Hindu sect) families come to bow to this Dargah at the start of  any auspicious work or occasion. They also pay Niyaz (Nyaz) and make  Mannat (religious vows  made for fulfilment of wishes).

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But lack of good education, lack of proper platform for their traditional arts and lack of financial plans for exposure hinder the path of progress and growth of the community. With spread of education, the middle class of the community has realized the need  of good education to both boys and girls even if they have to starve  for one time i. e. to keep ‘Roja’ for one  time daily. They have been demanding for their inclusion in socially backward category to avail the community the benefits of the government schemes they have been kept deprived of till date, for the uplifting and inclusion of the community in main stream of the society. The issue has been put up and appeals have been made to Gujarat Government to  grant  them their  privileges  to enable them to lead a respectable  life and  to maintain and sustain the  dignity of the community.

Music : Sidi Dhamal

"Dhamal" is a speciality of the Sidi community. It is a kind of religious dance and music. 
It cannot be played any time, it is part of a religious ceremonial.
Very few instrument are used; moslty the "Mugarnama" or "Sahelani" a kind of drum, the "Maimishra" (shakers)  and "Sidi malunga" a single cord guitar.

Watch a short concert on the video below :

Sidi Community evening Gathering - March 2014

 

Siddi community personality : Ismailbhai Siddi

coming soon

Sidi Khamisha Bankoda

coming sooon

Sidi community Personality - Hasanbhai Jamadar

coming soon

Initiatives of Fellows under "Homes in The City"

Mr. Vishram Vaghela

Mr. Vishram Vaghela

He has been associated with Setu Abhiyan since last 16 years. In these last 16 years, he has been playing role of social workers, hence, possess good knowledge on how work with government for community development.

Contact No. +91-9978997224

E-mail Id: urban.setu@gmail.com

Fellowship topic: Strengthening local governance through decentralization, empowering citizens and elected representatives through ward committees so that they can work themselves to resolve problems prevailing in their areas.

Activities accomplished and outcomes of the fellowship:

Fellow initiated work from Ward No. 2 & 3 because a large number of slums were concentrated there and Ward Councillors were supportive in these two wards. In order to facilitate meetings and other activities, separate Ward Offices were set-up in each Ward. The Ward Committee (WC) and Area Committees (AC) were formed through participatory process and members were oriented towards their role and responsibilities. One AC consists 5 to 7 members, represents 250-400 houses. There are four Area Committees formed in Ward No. 3. These WC and AC members conducted survey of the entire ward and did mapping of all existing physical and social infrastructure. They organized area level meeting and discussed problems and came out with proposals to develop their areas. Ward Plan was given final shape through compilation of area level plans. A ward meeting was organized on 17th December, 2016 where the Ward Plan of Ward No. 2 was shared and submitted by Ward Committee members to CEO, BMC, in presence of Standing Committee Chairman, BMC and leader of opposition, BMC, Councillors of other wards and residents of the respective ward.

During the last two financial years i.e. 2015-16 & 2016-17, BMC has sanctioned the work amounting ` 9.08 million in Ward No. 2 & 3 as per the proposals made by the Ward Committee in the Ward Plan.

To encourage WC members, a sum of Rs. 1 lakh rupees support to each ward committee as governance fund so that WC could take up minor but essential development works in their wards. However, the community contribution against governance fund was in the ratio of 45:55 and various development works such as laying down water supply lines, parapet in a school, placement of dustbins, streetlights and information boards at various sites were executed in the ward within a year.

This fellowship has laid down steps to form Ward Committee and Area Committee based on its experience in Ward No. 2 & 3 and published it in the form of booklet so that other municipalities or voluntary organizations could refer it while forming WC and AC in their cities.

The Municipality has decided to follow the same procedure for setting up four more Ward Offices in ward no. 4, 7, 10 & 11.

Transport

The Chhakadas of Bhuj (shared Rickshaws) : An informal transportation system

For the past 7 years an informal system of transportation has developed in Bhuj :  Ckhakada drivers are transporting everyday thousands of passengers to and from villages around the city. An ecological, economical and user-friendly way to travel, providing livelihood to many families in the area. 

What is a Chhakada!??
It is a big rickshaw which can be shared between up to ten passengers depending on the vehicle model.

With time, different routes have emerged, giving Bhuj passengers options to go to most of the surrounding villages in a radius of 25 km.
Find below the list of routes and their detail.
Enjoy your ride and have a small chat with the driver, they are usually very friendly!

 

 

 

Sources - Contributors: 

Bhuj - Desalsar lake - GIDC

Starts at : Anam ring road / Station road

Stops at

  • Station road
  • Desalsar lake
  • GIDC

Bhuj - Kutch university - Lions Nagar

Starts at : VD circle / subzi market or Jubilee

Stops at

  • Reliance
  • Leva Patel hospital
  • Vardhaman nagar
  • Bhujodi
  • Sheikh Peer
  • Lakhond Patiya

Cost : between 8 to 12 Rs

Bhuj - Leva Patel - Pramuk Swami Nagar - Sun City

Starts at : VD circle / subzi market or Jubilee

Stops at

  • Reliance
  • Leva Patel hospital
  • Pramuk Swami Nagar
  • Sun city road

Cost : between 8 to 12 Rs

Bhuj - Madhapar - Bhujodi - Kukma

Starts at : VD circle / subzi market

Stops at

  • RTO
  • Madhapar
  • Vardhaman nagar
  • Bhujodi
  • Sheikh Peer
  • Kukma
  •  

Cost : between 10 and 15 R

Bhuj - Madhapar - Bhujodi - Lakhond

Starts at : VD circle / subzi market

Stops at

  • RTO
  • Madhapar
  • Vardhaman nagar
  • Bhujodi
  • Sheikh Peer
  • Lakhond Patiya

Cost : between 10 and 15 R

Bhuj - Mandvi road - Mankuwa

Starts at : VD circle / subzi market - Jubilee

Stops at

  • Mirzapar (10Rs)
  • Sukhpar (12Rs)
  • Mankuwa (12Rs)

(option to continue to : Samatra, Deshalpar, Jiyapar)

Cost : between 10 and 15 R

Bhuj - Nagor Road - Raydhanpar

Starts at : VD circle / subzi market 

Stops at

  • Raydhanpar

Bhuj - Palara - Loria

Starts at : VD circle / subzi market

Stops at

  • Palara
  • Loria